# The First Step Towards The Theory of Everything: Relativity

### In search of the unknown figures of the universe – The Theory of Everything

The work of all cosmologists is a quest for the theory of everything which includes equations that could describe the whole phenomena of the universe.

In this quest we are obtaining more and more clear picture of the universe. But in all the images of the universe, there is a problem that we couldn’t visualize or imagine it even in imagination. My main aim was to clear this drawback. Science says that the time is the fourth dimension of the universe. If it is, we must could or even constitute be able to elaborate or describe the whole fourth picture of universe inside or 3 dimensional world.

We could explain a 2nd object using lines (1d), we could draw a cube in a paper (which is 2d).

So similarly we must could be able to demonstrate/create a 4th picture of universe in the 3rd space if we look inside the theories about universe by simple thought and imagination.

For studying about the universe we must have to know the Albert Einstein theories which are mainly the special and general theory of relativity.

My assumptions and theories are closely related to relativity. So let us seek into my theories of relativity.

### The Theory of Relativity: The Diamond of Physics

The theory of relativity is mainly founded by the most gloriest brain in the history of universe , Sir Albert Einstein. He formulated his special theory of relativity in 1905 and published along with his other notable works which is in the explanation of photo electric effect and in Brownian motion in an international science journal when he was a 3rd class clerk in a patent office.

Einstein’s glory was not in his educational qualifications but in his imaginations. He found answer to his questions, while explaining his doubts to one of his co-worker and he finished his paper work within 2-3 weeks and become the emperor of physical world.

His special theory of relativity explains the non-accelerated motion of objects, mass-energy conversion, time dialation, mass difference in motion etc…..Even though this theory is fully mathematical it stays in the basic level of mathematics and easily understandable.

The special relativity can’t explain accelerated motions which includes the gravity which made Einstein unsatisfied and walk him into the discovery of the general theory of relativity which is universal and can explain any motion and mainly deals accelerated motion, gravitation, the gravitational tensing etc. It published in 1916 the two years of hard work by most intelligent human being in the history of time. It holds the application of advanced mathematical operations. The Prof . Minkowski’s (he was the former teacher of Einstein in Zurich ) notes was an influence to him.

### Universe’s 4D Model

When his theory was completed it broke all the fundamental aspects of Physics. So it was needed to be proven physical also rather than mathematically. Its first attempt was in 1916 by observing a total solar eclipse but observation was not successful because of some issues. By further calculations in 1918 EINSTEIN become completely satisfied with his theory and he become 100% confident that it is right.

In 1919 the observation of total solar eclipse was successfully done and that made Einstein’s observation correct. After that he said that he would be pity to the God if it was proven that his theory is not right. Because his theory is correct!

Now first let us study the special theory of relativity logically as well as mathematically.

Special relativity “a special key” to the theory of everything.

Special relativity is the explanation of every non-accelerated motions in the universe. This theory explains and proves that the time and the space, mass and energy are interconvert mathematically and also it deals with the change in mass, time of the body during a non-accelerated uniform motion. The whole theory is build up with the basement that the velocity of light C is constant.

### Space-Time Relation

Einstein concluded that in a system if a body is mainly through only in 1 axis (for simplicity) and consider time as the 4th axis of the co-ordinate system then, if x changes as x^1

x^1=a[x-vt]

Then t1=a(t-vx/c^2 )

Where a =1/√(1-v^2/c2)

Therefore t=1/√(1-v^2/c^2 ) (t-vx/c^2 )

or simply t^1=t(1-v^2/c^2 )

relation of motion and length

If a rod of length (l) travels at a velocity (v) then change in length of the rod

l^1=a^1=l/√(1-v^2/c^2 )

Relative velocity

In conventional theory of mathematics relative velocity of two particles moving opposite is simply V1+V2 and if in the same direction is V1-V2

If we take the case of 2 in opposite direction V1+V2=C+C=2C which is not possible. So EINSTEIN derived an accurate solution that

Relative velocity u^1=(u-v)/(1-uv/c^2 ) instead of u^1=u-v

Mass variation

Mathematical derivations EINSTEIN derived the any mass moving with velocity (v) changes it mass (m) as

m^1=m/√(1-v^2/c^2 )