January 14 in Physics History

Physics history will help you to develop a better understanding of the physics world!

birthdays & deaths

Explore all birthdays & deaths of physicists occurred on this day with their short biography!

physics Events

Know all important discoveries made by physicists & events happened on this day with complete information!

January 14 in Physics History - Births – Physicists born on January 14

Shannon Lucid (Born on 14 Jan 1943)

She is an American biochemist and astronaut who broke the record by staying at the Russian space station Mir for 188 days. She immediately applied after she heard that NASA is accepting women into the space program. She conducted a variety of biochemical experiments on her second shuttle flight, the Atlantis (1989). She is the first woman to have traveled into space on four different occasions.

January 14 in Physics History - Deaths – Physicists died on January 14

Ernst Abbe (23 Jan 1840 - 14 Jan 1905)

He was a German physicist who invented the apochromatic lens system and Abbe condenser lens to improve illumination for the microscope. He laid the foundation for the design of optical instruments. He used cedar oil with the same refractive index as the microscope objective to immerse them in the oil. It was done to give higher magnification. He also invented a device called Abbe refractometer to measure the refractive index. He was the director of the University of Jena astronomical and meteorological observatories.

Sergey Pavlovich Korolev (12 Jan 1907 - 14 Jan 1966)

He was a Soviet rocket engineer who was one of the founders of the Moscow Group for the study of Reactive Motion. He designed guided missiles, rockets, and spacecraft. He directed the Vostok spacecraft and most of the U.S.S.R.’s other projects. Because of his efforts, the Vostok project was approved provided the launch vehicle could also be useful to the military.

Edmond Halley (8 Nov 1656 - 14 Jan 1742)

He was an English astronomer, geophysicist, and mathematician who is known for his discovery of the famous comet that was later named after him. He calculated the orbit of Halley’s comet and predicted its return. He edited and arranged the publication of Newton’s Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica. He also studied the motion of the Moon and stars. He discovered that auroras were caused by the earth’s magnetism.

Johann Philipp Reis (7 Jan 1834 - 14 Jan 1874)

He was a German physicist who invented the telephone even before Alexander Graham Bell. He managed to make a fragile, clumsy transmitter after years of experimentation. He used an animal membrane to make it. But his device was not capable of transmitting intelligible speech. Reis was the scientist who coined the term Telephone’. He successfully converted electricity into auditory waves in 1861. Though his efforts didn’t impress the professors and it was never patented.

January 14 in Physics History - Events – Physics Events of January 14

Huygens Space Probe Landed

On this day, the Huygens space probe landed on Titan in 2005. Titan is the largest moon of Saturn. The photographs received from Huygens contained shorelines, drainage channels, and a plain covered with large boulders of ice. The Cassini spacecraft released Huygens while its orbit crossed the path of Titan

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