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June 3 In Physics History

Physics history will help you to develop a better understanding of the physics world!

birthdays & deaths

Explore all birthdays & deaths of physicists occurred on this day with their short biography!

physics Events

Know all important discoveries made by physicists & events happened on this day with complete information!

June 3 In Physics History - Births – Physicists born on June 3

James Hutton (3 Jun 1726 - 26 Mar 1797)

He was a Scottish geologist who invented that the geological processes examined in the present time explain the formation of older rocks. He initiated the principle of uniformitarianism in his Theory of the Earth in 1985. He was the founder of modern psychology who replaced the belief that the earth’s crust was formed by a biblical flood. Institute introduced the understanding that sedimentary rocks are formed by the action of great heat beneath the earth’s crust.

Georg von Békésy (3 Jun 1899 - 13 Jun 1972)

He was a Hungarian-American physicist and physiologist who discovered the physical mechanism of stimulation within the cochlea with sound is analyzed and communicated in the cochlea. For his discovery, he received the Nobel Prize for physiology in 1961. He developed anatomical techniques that helped in the non-destructive autopsy of the cochlea. Békésy observed the shape of the waves that travel along the basilar membrane by stroboscopic examination of the motion of the particles. He sprinkled silver on the nearly transparent basilar membrane to study his experiment.

David Gregory (3 Jun 1659 - 10 Oct 1708)

He was a Scottish mathematician who published the book “Astronomiae physicae et geometrical elemental” in 1702. This book was an effort to popularize Newtonian science. He also noticed something that Newton had best related to chromatic deviation. Told the different kinds of glasses to spread the colors of the spectrum by different amounts. He also suggested that the combination of two suitable different kinds of glasses might eliminate chromatic deviation.

June 3 In Physics History - Deaths – Physicists died on June 3

Camille Flammarion (26 Feb 1842 - 3 Jun 1925)

He was a French astronomer who is best known as the author of popular books on astronomy such as The Atmosphere and Popular Astronomy. He studied the moon, Mars, double and multiple stars. He also supported the idea of canals and higher civilization on Mars. He noted the changes in the craters of the Moon and thought that it was due to the growth of vegetation. He wrote several novels.

Robert Noyce (12 Dec 1927 - 3 Jun 1990)

He was an American engineer and inventor who developed the integrated circuit. The integrated circuit is a system of interconnected transistors on a single microchip of silicon. He, with his colleague Gordon E. Moore, founded Intel corporation and served as the President and chairman of Intel Corporation. He also held several patents for semiconductor devices, structures and methods.

June 3 In Physics History - Events – Physics Events of June 3

Rutherford Hypothesized The Possibilty of Neutron

Ernest Rutherford hypothesized the possible existence and properties of the neutron in the second Bakerian lecture in 1920. He put out the idea of a particle with mass but no charge. He called it a neutron. He also said that the particle would have a mass slightly greater than that of a proton. He came to be known as the father of nuclear physics. The essential nature of the atomic nucleus was established with the discovery of the neutron by James Chadwick in 1932

Hale Telescope

The first 200-inch lens telescope that was permitted to cool slowly over 11 months was the reflecting telescope, Hale. It was built at the Palomar mountain observatory in California in 1948. The telescope was designed by Dr. George Ellery Hale and was named after him.

The First American Spacewalk

Major Edward White II was the first American astronaut to make a spacewalk in 1965. At an altitude of about 120 miles, he spent 20 minutes outside the Gemini 4 capsule. With his crewmate commander McDivitt, he completed 12 scientific and medical experiments.

April 12 in Physics History

Physics history will help you to develop a better understanding of the physics world!

birthdays & deaths

Explore all birthdays & deaths of physicists occurred on this day with their short biography!

physics Events

Know all important discoveries made by physicists & events happened on this day with complete information!

April 12 in Physics History - Births – Physicists born on April 12

Edward Walter Maunder (12 Apr 1851 - 21 Mar 1928)

He was an English astronomer who first started the British Civil Services Commission examination for the post of photographic and spectroscopic assistant at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. He worked at the observatory for the next forty years measuring the sunspots and checking historic records. He found a lack of reports on sunspots from 1645 to 1715. Instead of questioning this, he started researching and found that there are indeed decades-long times when the sun has very few sunspots. Now we call these periods as Maunder minima.

Ferdinand von Lindemann (12 Apr 1852 - 6 Mar 1939)

He was a German mathematician who proved that π is not a solution to any algebraic equation with a rational coefficient. This explained the insoluble natural or classical Greek mathematical problem of constructing a square with the same area as a given circle using a ruler and compasses alone. He discussed Hermite’s methods that he used to prove that ‘e’ is transcendental. He extended Hermite’s results in 1882 to show that π was also transcendental.

April 12 in Physics History - Deaths – Physicists died on April 12

Charles Messier (26 Jun 1730 - 12 Apr 1817)

He was a French astronomer who first compiled a systematic catalog of “M objects” and discovered 15 comets. His catalog contained nebulae, 103-star clusters, and galaxies. He concluded the alphanumeric names for objects like M1, M2, etc.

Geoffrey F. Chew (5 Jun 1924 - 12 Apr 2019)

He was an American physicist who led the group of S-matrix theorists researching the strong interaction and the bootstrap principle. He was a graduate student of Enrico Fermi. His group calculated the interactions of bound-states without assuming that there is a point-particle field theory underneath.

Igor Tamm (8 Jul 1895 - 12 Apr 1971)

He was a Soviet physicist who shared the Noble Prize with Pavel A  Cherenkov, and Ilya M. Frank for physics for his works in explaining Cherenkov radiation. He developed the theoretical interpretation of the Cherenkov effect which states that the radiation of electrons moves faster than the speed of light through matter. He also developed a method for studying the interaction of nuclear particles and contributed towards the methods for the control of thermonuclear reactions.

April 12 in Physics History - Events – Physics Events of April 12

First Man To Orbit The Earth

On this day, Yuri Gagarin became the first man to orbit the Earth in 1961. The control of the spacecraft was locked to prevent him from taking control of the ship. It had a radio, television, and life-supporting equipment. He ejected and made a planned descent landing with his parachute but the Soviet Union denied this to save its reputation. After 7 years, he died in a plane crash.

The First Yo-Yo Toy In Space

The first yo-yo toy was taken into space in the Space Shuttle Discovery mission 51-D in 1985. With this yellow plastic Duncan Imperial yo-yo, other toys were exhibited during a time in orbit. Astronauts did the tricks with toys but the yo-yo sleeper trick couldn’t work without normal gravity. While spinning, the gyroscope showed exceptional stability. The flywheel slowed without normal gravity.

Space Shuttle Columbia Was Launched

Columbia, the American Space Shuttle was launched into space in 1981. John W. Young was the mission commander.